- Deductive and Inductive Reasoning – We introduce Critical Thinking in this introduction section and then explore the differences of Deductive and Inductive Reasoning and why it is important in the Critical Thinking process.
- Problem Identification – People often solve the wrong problem, which underscores the importance of identifying the problem correctly and why this is an important step in Critical Thinking.
- Data Gathering and Evaluation – In our modern world of real news and fake news, gathering and evaluating data are skills that are extremely valuable. You will see that these skills are also important in all aspects of critical thinking.
- Overcoming Bias – The bias we will address in this competency is cognitive bias. Cognitive biases are mistakes in reasoning, evaluating or remembering. They are errors in our thinking. To be a critical thinker, you need to recognize cognitive bias and remove it from your thinking process.
- Solutions – In this last competency, we will review the important elements and steps in critical thinking. Then we will talk about solutions. Finally, we will conclude, by discussion assessment and reflection, with the final steps in successful critical thinking.